Modern society increasingly demands a better use of the energy resources available as basic principles for achieving sustainable development from an economic, social and environmental point of view. In the context of a consolidated urban fabric there are two ways of reducing energy consumption. Whether you consider the building as a closed envelop and try to control as much as possible the demand, or/and you think of a system of generating energy with renewable sources excluding solar energy because of the problem of surface and maintenance of the installation. In our opinion, based on the vision of Climate Symbiosis, there is an important research to be done on the feasibility and strategies of management of geothermal energy for residential uses as district heating and cooling.
The European Union has set targets to reduce energy consumption by 20% and to reduce CO2 emissions by at least 20% (possibly 30%) by 2020. Though a local business, district heating can greatly contribute to achieving global policy objectives.
The use of renewable energy, specifically geothermal energy based on the heat from deep inside the earth has many benefits. Baseload supply and controllability will become increasingly important and geothermal is one of the few renewable energy sources able to supply consistent power production. District heating and cooling presents an efficient way to use this energy for residential uses. Using this kind of supply, it is possible to make a friendlier, cleaner and more attractive city for living, tourism, industry and businesses.
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